Intergovernmental Council of the international Hydrological Programme (IHP)
IHP is UNESCO's international scientific cooperative programme in water research, water resources management, education and capacity-building, and the only broadly-based science programme of the UN system in this area.
The primary objectives of the IHP include:
Kenya is currently a member of the Intergovernmental Council of the international Hydrological Programme (IHP).
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)
The IOC promotes international cooperation and coordinates programmes in research, sustainable development, protection of the marine environment, capacity-building for improved management, and decision-making. It assists developing countries in strengthening their institutions to obtain self-driven sustainability in marine sciences. On a regional level, it is coordinating the development of tsunami early warning and mitigation systems in the Pacific, the Indian Ocean, the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, and the Caribbean.
Kenya hosted the 4th Session of the IOC Intergovernmental Coordination Group, for the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning & Mitigation System in Mombasa from 28 February - 2 March 2007.
The Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute (KMFRI) hosts the Kenya National Oceanographic Data Center as part of the international network of data centers within the IOC-UNESCO's International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) program. The aim of the IODE program is to enhance marine research, exploitation and development, by facilitating the exchange of oceanographic data and information between participating Member States, and by meeting the needs of users for data and information products.
KMFRI also hosts the Kenya National Oceanographic Data Center (KeNODC) which promotes research and management of Kenya's coastal resources by providing various types of support to policy makers, resource managers, researchers, educational institutions, NGO's and private companies on matters of oceanographic data and information.
Kenya is currently a member of the Executive Council of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)
Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB)
UNESCO’s Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB) develops the basis, within the natural and the social sciences, for the sustainable use and conservation of biological diversity, and for the improvement of the relationship between people and their environment globally.
The MAB Programme encourages interdisciplinary research, demonstration and training in natural resource management. MAB contributes thus not only to better understanding of the environment, including global change, but to greater involvement of science and scientists in policy development concerning the wise use of biological diversity.
Kenya currently has the following 6 biosphere reserves: Amboseli, Kiunga, Malindi-Watamu, Mount Elgon, Mount Kenya and Mount Kulal. Biosphere reserves are sites recognized under UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme, which innovate and demonstrate approaches to conservation and sustainable development. They are under national sovereign jurisdiction, yet share their experience and ideas nationally, regionally and internationally within the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.
Kenya is also one of the 17 mega diverse countries of the world. The mega diverse countries are a group of countries that harbor the majority of the earth's species and are therefore considered extremely biodiverse, that is, the country has a high variability of plant, animal, and micro-organism communities.
In the framework of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves, a twinning initiative has linked two UNESCO coastal biosphere reserves - Braunton Burrows in Devon, UK and Malindi - Watamu in Kenya which are working together to find sustainable solutions to common problems as their local communities grapple with the effects of climate change.
Kenya is currently a member of the International Coordinating Council of the Man and the Biosphere Programme.
The basic sciences bring new knowledge of natural phenomena and deepen understanding of them. They also give rise to discoveries that offer novel opportunities and methods for the experimental study of nature and the practical use of scientific findings. Advancement in the basic sciences underlies technological breakthroughs and offers unique opportunities to meet basic human needs, produce economic benefits, and promote science-based sustainable development.
The International Basic Sciences Programme (IBSP) is an international multidisciplinary programme established to reinforce intergovernmental cooperation and co-operation between partner organizations in science to strengthen national capacities in the basic sciences and science education.
The Programme focuses on fostering major region-specific actions that involve a network of national, regional and international centres of excellence or benchmark centres in the basic sciences. The IBSP provides scientific expertise & advice to policy makers, fosters public awareness of ethical issues that progress in science entails and encourages transfer and sharing of scientific information and excellence in science through North-South and South-South cooperation.
The IBSP assisted in the promotion of science through training of teachers in micro science. It has also been a key player in the establishment of the East African Biological Resource Centre to Secure the Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Microbial Diversity. The Centre seeks to enhance regional science capacity through the development of an infrastructure for identifying and preserving microbial genetic resources and their sustainable utilization to support the development of biotechnological industries. It also helps build up regional human capacity in the isolation, identification, characterization and ex situ conservation of organisms, as well as in business development and the utilization of information technologies.
A Kenyan is currently a member of the Scientific Board of the International Basic Science Programme (IBSP).
Governing Board of the International science, technology and innovation centre for south-south cooperation (ISTIC)
The International Science, Technology and Innovation, centre for South-South Cooperation under the auspices of UNESCO (ISTIC) aims to develop and implement a programme for South - South cooperation in science and technology with the objective of facilitating the integration of a developmental approach into national science and technology and innovation policies, capacity building in science and technology through providing policy advice and exchange of experience and best practices, and creating a problem solving network of centres of excellence in developing countries as well as supporting the exchange of students, researchers, scientists and technologists among developing countries.